TWI plays a key role in the development of many standards that are important to the oil and gas industry, including those covering:
- Fitness-for-purpose: BS 7910, API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 and R6
- Fatigue: BS 7608 and BS PD 5500
- Fracture toughness testing: CTOD and SENT tests
- Pipeline welding: BS 4515
Scroll down this page to see a list of the standards committees relevant to the oil and gas sector. You can also view updates from the Standards Committee here.
TWI has held the chairmanship of the British Standards Institution committee (WEE/37) responsible for the new fitness-for-purpose guide BS 7910 (replacing BS PD 6493) since the committee came into being in the 1970s. BS 7910 is the world's most widely used document for making structural integrity assessments and TWI has had a key role in its development. TWI is also active on the committees that develop and maintain API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 and R6.
Most fatigue design rules throughout the world draw heavily on TWI work - in particular, the unified rules in BS 7608, those contained in offshore design guidance, and those in the British pressure vessel code BS PD 5500.
Fracture toughness testing
The widely adopted crack tip opening displacement (CTOD) test was developed principally by TWI, which continues to contribute to the standardisation of the technique through the British Standards Institution, ASTM, CEN and ISO. TWI has also contributed to the standardisation of KIc and J testing methods, and to the development of single edge notch tension (SENT) testing (see DNV F107 and DNV F108) which is now widely used to evaluate fracture toughness of pipeline girth welds.
TWI holds the chairmanship of the British Standards committee responsible for BS 4515 (WEE/21/7) - probably the most widely recognised standard for pipeline welding apart from API 1104. This committee has recently developed a standard for the welding of duplex stainless steel pipelines. TWI also contributes to CEN and ISO work in this area.
Pressure vessels and storage tanks
TWI has contributed to both the British and new European pressure vessel standards BS PD 5500 and prEN 13445 with regards to fatigue, fracture toughness requirements, non-destructive testing (NDT) flaw assessment and welding procedures.
Rules for tanks for the storage of liquefied gases (BS 7777 and PD 7777) have drawn on crack arrest studies and engineering critical assessments carried out by TWI.
Materials selection for sour service
TWI staff participating as members of NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) provide input to NACE Technical Committees, such as MR 0175 and TM 0177 relating to the specific influence of welding upon sour service performance of Carbon-Manganese, low alloy steels and corrosion resistant alloys (CRAs). TWI is also closely involved in the European Federation of Corrosion Standardisation activities in this area and parallel input via BSI Committees.
Welding steels without hydrogen cracking
TWI has contributed to the development of BS EN 1001: Parts 1 and 2, which specify the welding procedures required to avoid hydrogen cracking. BS EN 1001 is largely based on BS5135, itself developed from work carried out by TWI.
Standards committees relevant to the oil and gas sector:
|Testing of welds
|Metal arc welding
|Field welding of pipelines
|Inert gas welding
|Approval testing of procedures
|Acceptance levels for flaws in welds
|Health and safety in welding
|Welding of stainless steels
|NDT of welds
|Steels for pressure purposes
|Testing of metals
|Corrosion of metals and alloys
|Transmission pipeline for oil and gas
|Welding of thermoplastics
|Welding (several working groups and subcommittees)
|Welding of thermoplastic materials
|Testing of welds and welding quality
|Welding of pipelines
|Offshore tubular structures
|Fracture toughness testing
|Oil & Gas and Refinery Working Parties
|Oil & Gas Production - Metallurgy
|Petroleum Refining and Gas Processing
|Materials for use in H2S containing environments in oil and gas production
Full range of TWI standard activities
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