- mistakes and defects that require rectification
- over-production of unwanted products (products for which there is no immediate requirement)
- in-process inventories (i.e. work-in-progress)
- processing steps that aren't actually needed
- unnecessary movements of people and goods
- waiting for equipment or up-stream processes
- poor design of goods and services
Lean Manufacturing and Just-in-Time Manufacturing involve the removal of all unnecessary costs. Waste elimination is translated into customer satisfaction (improved performance, quality, cost, delivery, etc).
For more information, please contact us.
Bicheno, J., Cause and Effect JIT: The Essentials of Lean Manufacturing, 2nd Edition, PICSIE Books, Buckingham, England, 1994 (ISBN 0 9513829 5 0)
Womack, J.P. and Jones, D.T, Lean Thinking, Simon & Schuster, New York, USA, 1996 (ISBN 0-684-81035-2)