Fabricators are under increasing pressure to produce stronger and lighter products whilst using less energy, less environmentally harmful materials, at lower cost and more quickly than ever before. FSW, being a solid-state, low-energy-input, repeatable mechanical process capable of producing very high-strength welds in a wide range of materials, offers a potentially lower-cost, environmentally benign solution to these challenges.
FSW was invented and pioneered by TWI Ltd. Accordingly, we have a wealth of experience of applying the process industrially, in addition to in-depth knowledge of the fundamental science that underlies it.
FSW is a solid-state joining process that creates high-quality, high-strength joints with low distortion and is capable of fabricating either butt or lap joints, in a wide range of material thicknesses and lengths.
In the process a rotating FSW tool is plunged between two clamped plates. The frictional heat causes a plasticised zone to form around the tool. The rotating tool moves along the joint line. A consolidated solid-phase joint is formed.
FSW being a solid-state process eliminates many of the defects associated with fusion welding techniques such as shrinkage, solidification cracking and porosity.
TWI’s Members include many of the world’s suppliers of FSW equipment.
Click here to view our FSW equipment suppliers.
You can find out more about our Friction Stir Welding capabilities in our Job Knowledge section.