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Standards for Polyethylene Pipe

June 2014

Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Useful internet sites
  3. UK Standards
  4. European Standards
  5. International Standards
  6. German Standards
  7. USA Standards

1 Introduction

This guide summarises the main standards that are used in the butt fusion, electrofusion and socket fusion welding of polyethylene pipe. Relevant national, international and industry standards have been included:

  • British Standards Institution (BSI)
  • The Institution of Gas Engineers and Managers (IGEM)
  • UK Water Industry Specifications (WIS)
  • European standards (CEN)
  • International standards (ISO)
  • German standards (DIN, DVS and WL)
  • American Society for Testing of Materials (ASTM)
  • American Welding Society (AWS)

This information has been compiled from a variety of sources and all attempts have been made to ensure its accuracy at the date of publication. Readers should, however, be conscious of the continuous development of standards.

2 Useful internet sites

Table 1 below gives details of Internet sites that contain information on the standards in this list.

Table 1. Web site addresses for Standards

Organisation

Web site address

American Society for Testing of Materials

http://www.astm.org/

American Welding Society

http://www.aws.org/

British Standards Institution

http://shop.bsigroup.com/Navigate-by/Standards/Standards-LP/

The European Committee for Standardisation

http://esearch.cen.eu

German standards

http://www.din.de/

Institution of Gas Engineers and Managers

http://www.igem.org.uk/

International Standards Organisation

http://www.iso.org/

Water Industry Specifications

http://www.water.org.uk/home/member-services/wis-and-ign/

Table 2 gives details of Internet sites that contain information about plastic pipe and fitting manufacturers.

Table 2. Web site addresses for Pipe and Fitting Manufacturers

Company

Web site address

CPChemical Performance Pipes

http://www.performancepipe.com/en-us/pages/aboutus.aspx

George Fischer

http://www.georgfischer.com

Fusion Provida

http://www.fusiongroup.co.uk

Glynwed Pipe Systems

http://www.gpsuk.com

Pipelife

http://www.pipelife.com/com

Uponor

http://www.uponor.com/

Wavin

http://www.wavin.com/

3 U.K. Standards

3.1 British Standards (BS and BS CP)

3.1.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

BS 7291 Thermoplastics pipes and fitting systems for hot and cold water for domestic purposes and heating installations in buildings.

BS 7291-3: 2010 Specification for cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes and associated fittings.

PD CEN/TS 1519-2: 2012 See Section 4.1; supersedes DD ENV 1519-2:2001

BS EN 1555-1: 2010 See Section 4.1; supersedes BS 7281:1990

BS EN 1555-2: 2010 See Section 4.1; supersedes BS 7281:1990

BS EN 1555-3: 2010 See Section 4.1; supersedes BS 7336:1990

BS EN 1555-4: 2011 See Section 4.1

BS EN 1555-5: 2010 See Section 4.1; supersedes BS 7281:1990

PD CEN/TS 1555-7: 2013 See Section 4.1

BS EN 10284: 2000 See Section 4.1

BS EN 12201 Parts 1-3,5: 2011; 4: 2012 Supersedes BS EN 13244 Parts 1-5

PD CEN/TS 12201-7: 2014 See Section 4.1

BS EN 12666-1: 2006 See Section 4.1

PD CEN/TS 12666-2: 2012 See Section 4.1

BS EN 13476 Parts 1,2: 2007;-3: 2007+A1:2009; PD CEN/TS 13476-4: 2013 See Section 4.1

BS EN 13598-1: 2010 See Section 4.1

PD CEN/TS 14541: 2013 See Section 4.1

BS EN 15012: 2007 See Section 4.1

BS EN 15014: 2007 See Section 4.1

BS EN 15015: 2007 See Section 4.1

BS EN ISO 11295: 2010 See Section 5.1

BS EN ISO 11296 Parts 1,3: 2011 See Section 5.1; supersedes BS EN 13566-1, -3

BS EN ISO 11297 Parts 1,3: 2013 See Section 5.1

BS EN ISO 11298 Parts 1,3: 2011 See Section 5.1; supersedes BS EN 14409-1, -3

BS EN ISO 11299 Parts 1,3: 2013 See Section 5.1; Supersedes EN 14408-1

BS EN ISO 12162: 2009 See Section 5.1

PD CEN/TR 15438: 2007 See Section 4.1

BS EN ISO 15494: 2003 See Section 5.1

BS EN ISO 15875: Parts 1-3,5, DD CEN ISO/TS 15875-7: 2003 See Section 5.1

BS EN ISO 22391: Parts 1-3,5: 2009; DD CEN ISO/TS 22391-7: 2011 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 4065: 1997 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 4427: Parts 1, 2 and 3: 2007 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 4437: Parts 1-3,5: 2014 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 8779: 2010 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 14531-1: 2002; -2: 2004; -3: 2010; -4: 2006 See Section 5.1

BS ISO 18225: 2012 See Section 5.1

DD ISO/TR 19911: 2010 See Section 5.1

PD CEN ISO/TR 27165: 2012 See Section 5.1

3.1.2 Installation/joining procedures/qualification

BS 2782 Plastics pipes and fittings.

BS 2782-11: Method 1150E See ISO 11413 Section 5.2

BS 2782-11: Method 1150B See ISO 11414 Section 5.2

BS EN 12007-1, -2: 2012 See Section 4.2

BS EN 12327: 2012 See Section 4.2

BS EN 13067: 2012 See Section 4.2

BS EN 14728: 2005 See Section 4.2

BS EN 16296: 2012 See Section 4.2

BS ISO 21307: 2011 See Section 5.2

PD CEN/TR 12108: 2012 See Section 4.2; supersedes DD ENV 12108: 2001

3.1.3 Testing

BS 2782 Plastics pipes and fittings.

BS 2782-3: Method 350 See EN ISO 180 Section 5.3

BS 2782-3: Method 359B See EN ISO 179-2 Section 5.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1103C See EN 12118 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1103D See EN 728 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1103E See EN 12099 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1106E See EN 579 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1108B See EN 1411 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1108C See EN 744 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1108T See EN 1716 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1112C See EN 1054 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1114B See EN ISO 9969 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1121G See EN 12117 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123B See EN 713 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123F See EN 714 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123G See EN 715 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123H See EN 712 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123J See EN 803 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1122A See ENV 852 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1123W See EN 911 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1127A See EN 921 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1127C See EN 12106 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1131 See EN 28233 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1132 See EN 28659 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1133A See EN 1680 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1133D See EN 12100 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1133E See EN 12119 Section 4.3

BS 2782-11: Method 1134A See EN 917 Section 4.3

BS 5114: 1975 Specification for performance requirements for joints and compression fittings for use with polyethylene. Current, obsolescent

BS EN 579: 1994 Superseded by BS EN ISO 10147: 2012

BS EN 1680: 1997 See Section 4.3

BS EN 1716: 1997 See Section 4.3

BS EN 12099: 1997 See Section 4.3

BS EN 12100: 1998 See Section 4.3

BS EN 12106: 1998 See Section 4.3

BS EN 12119: 1997 See Section 4.3

BS EN 12814-1,2,6: 2000;-3: 2014; -4: 2001; -7: 2002 See Section 4.3

BS EN 13100-1: 2000; -2, -3: 2004 See Section 4.3

BS EN 14741: 2006 See Section 4.3

BS EN ISO 580: 2005 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 1167 Parts 1,2: 2006; 3,4: 2007 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 6259-3: 2013 BS draft; See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 9969: 2007 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 10147: 2012 Supersedes BS EN 579; see Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 11357-6: 2009 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 13260: 2011 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 13479: 2009 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 13760: 2000 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 13968: 2008 See Section 5.3

BS EN ISO 16871: 2003 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13254: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13255: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13257: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13259: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13264: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13265: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13268: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 13956: 2010 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 16241: 2005 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 19893: 2011 See Section 5.3

BS ISO 19899: 2010 See Section 5.3

PD ISO/TR 18124: 2006 See Section 5.3

3.1.4 Equipment

BS ISO 12176-1: 2012; -2: 2008; -3: 2011 See Section 5.4

BS ISO 13950: 2007 See Section 5.4

3.2 The Institution of Gas Engineers and Managers

3.2.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

IGE/TD/3: Edition 4: 2003 Communication No: 1677 Steel and polyethylene pipelines for gas distribution. (Also Supplement 1, Communication No: 1682 Handling, transport and storage of PE pipe and fittings. Superseded by IGEM/G/8)/P>

IGE/TD/4: Edition 4: 2007 Communication No: 1725 Polyethylene and steel gas services and service pipework.

IGE/TD/5: 1992 Communication No. 1513 Transport, handling and storage of polyethylene pipe and fittings. Superseded by Supplement 1 to TD/3.

IGEM/G/8: 2010 Communication No.1749 Handling, transport and storage of PE pipes and fittings. Supersedes IGE/TD/3 Edition 4, Supplement 1.

3.3 Water Industry Specifications

3.3.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

WIS 4-32-05: 1986 PE pipes for sewer linings (non-pressure applications).

WIS 4-32-11: 1998 Thermoplastic end load resistant mechanical fittings for polyethylene pipes of nominal size.

WIS 4-32-14: 1995 PE80 and PE100 electrofusion fittings for nominal sizes up to and including 630. Not currently available

WIS 4-32-15: 1995 PE80 and PE100 spigot fittings and drawn bends for nominal sizes up to and including 1000. Archived

WIS 4-32-17: 2000 Polyethylene pressure pipes for pressurised water supply and sewerage. Archived

WIS 4-32-18: 2003 The choice of pressure ratings for polyethylene pipe systems for water supply and sewerage duties.

3.3.2 Joining procedures

WIS 4-32-08: 2002 Specification for the fusion jointing of polyethylene pressure pipeline systems using PE80 and PE100 materials.

3.3.3 Testing

WIS 4-37-02: 1999 Design against surge and fatigue conditions for thermoplastic pipes.

3.3.4 Equipment

WIS 4-32-16: 1998 Butt fusion jointing machine.

4 European Standards (EN and EN ISO)

4.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

EN 1519 Plastics piping systems for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) within the building structure - Polyethylene (PE).

EN 1519-1: 1999 Specifications for pipes, fittings and the system.

CEN/TS 1519-2: 2012 Guidance for the assessment of conformity.

EN 1555 Plastics piping systems for the supply of gaseous fuels. Polyethylene (PE).

EN 1555-1: 2010 General.

EN 1555-2: 2010 Pipes.

EN 1555-3: 2010 Fittings.

EN 1555-4: 2011 Valves.

EN 1555-5: 2010 Fitness for purpose of the system.

CEN/TS 1555-7: 2013 Assessment of conformity.

EN 10284: 2000 Malleable cast iron fittings with compression ends for polyethylene (PE) piping systems.

EN 12201 Plastics piping systems for water supply. Polyethylene (PE).

EN 12201-1: 2011 General.

EN 12201-2: 2011 Pipes.

EN 12201-3: 2011 Fittings.

EN 12201-4: 2012 Valves

EN 12201-5: 2011 Fitness for purpose of the system.

CEN/TS 12201-7: 2014 Assessment of conformity.

EN 12666 Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Polyethylene (PE).

EN 12666-1: 2005 + A1:2011 Specification for pipes, fittings and the system.

CEN/TS 12666-2: 2012 Guidance for the assessment of conformity.

EN 13244 Plastic piping systems for buried and aboveground pressure systems for water for general purposes, drainage and sewerage. Polyethylene (PE).

EN 13244 Parts 1-5,7 Superseded by EN 12201 Parts 1-5,7

EN 13476 Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Structured-wall piping systems of unplasticised poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE)

EN 13476-1: 2007 General requirements and performance characteristics.

EN 13476-2: 2007 Specifications for pipes and fittings with smooth internal and external surface and the system, Type A.

EN 13476-3: 2007 +A1: 2009 Specifications for pipes and fittings with smooth internal and profiled external surface and system, Type B.

CEN/TS 13476-4: 2013 Guidance for the assessment of conformity

EN 13598-1: 2003 (+ draft 2010) Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Unplasticised poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE). Specifications for ancillary fittings including shallow inspection chambers.

EN 14408-1 Superseded by EN ISO 11299-1:2013

CEN/TS 14541: 2013 Plastics pipes and fittings for non-pressure applications. Utilisation of non-virgin PVC-U, PP and PE materials.

EN 15012: 2007 Plastics piping systems. Soil and waste discharge systems within the building structure. Performance characteristics for pipes, fittings and their joints

EN 15014: 2007 Plastics piping systems. Buried and above-ground systems for water and other fluids under pressure. Performance characteristics for pipes, fittings and their joints.

EN 15015: 2007 Plastics piping systems. Systems for hot and cold water not intended for human consumption. Performance characteristics for pipes, fittings and their joints.

CEN/TR 15438: 2007 Plastics piping systems. Guidance for coding of products and their intended uses.

EN ISO 11296-1,3: 2011 See Section 5.1

EN ISO 11297-1,3: 2013 See Section 5.1

EN ISO 11299-1,3: 2013 See Section 5.1; Part 1 supersedes EN 14408-1

EN ISO 12162: 2009 See Section 5.1

EN ISO 15494: 2003 See Section 5.1

EN ISO 15875-1,2,3,5: 2003; CEN ISO/TS 15875-7: 2003 See Section 5.1

EN ISO 22391-1,2,3,5: 2009; CEN ISO/TS 22391-7: 2011 See Section 5.1

4.2 Installation/joining procedures/qualification

EN 805: 2000 Water supply. Requirements for systems and components outside buildings.

EN 806 Specification for installations inside buildings conveying water for human consumption

EN 806-1: 2000 General.

EN 806-2: 2005 Design.

EN 12007 Gas infrastructure. Pipelines for maximum operating pressure up to and including 16 bar.

EN 12007-1: 2012 General functional requirements.

EN 12007-2: 2012 Specific functional requirements for polyethylene (MOP up to and including 10 bar).

EN 12007-4: 2012 Specific functional requirements for renovation.

CEN/TR 12108: 2012 Plastics piping systems. Guidance for the installation inside buildings of pressure piping systems for hot and cold water intended for human consumption

EN 12327: 2012 Gas infrastructure. Pressure testing, commissioning and decommissioning procedures. Functional requirements.

EN 13067: 2012 Plastics welding personnel. Approval testing of welders. Thermoplastic welded assemblies.

EN 14728: 2005 Imperfections in thermoplastic welds. Classification.

EN 16296: 2012 Imperfections in thermoplastics welded joints. Quality levels.

4.3 Testing

EN 579: 1993 Superseded by EN ISO 10147; see Section 5.3

EN 712: 1993 Thermoplastics piping systems. End-load bearing mechanical joints between pressure pipes and fittings. Test method for resistance to pull-out under constant longitudinal force.

EN 713:1993 Plastics piping systems. Mechanical joints between fittings and polyolefin pressure pipes. Test method for leaktightness under internal pressure of assemblies subjected to bending.

EN 714:1994 Thermoplastics piping systems. Non-end - load-bearing elastomeric sealing ring type joints between pressure pipes and moulded fittings. Test method for leaktightness under internal hydrostatic pressure without end thrust.

EN 715:1994 Thermoplastics piping systems. End-load bearing joints between small diameter pressure pipes and fittings. Test method for leaktightness under internal water pressure, including end thrust.

EN 728: 1997 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Polyolefin pipes and fittings. Determination of oxidation induction time.

EN 744:1995 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Thermoplastics pipes. Test method for resistance to external blows by the round-the-clock method.

EN 803:1994 Plastics piping systems. Injection-moulded thermoplastic fittings for elastic sealing ring type joints for pressure piping. Test method for resistance to a short-term internal pressure without end thrust.

CEN/TR 852: 2010 Plastics piping systems for the transport of water intended for human consumption. Migration assessment. Guidance on the interpretation of laboratory derived migration values.

EN 911:1995 Plastics piping systems. Elastomeric sealing ring type joints and mechanical joints for thermoplastic pressure piping. Test method for leaktightness under external hydrostatic pressure.

EN 917:1997 Plastics piping systems. Thermoplastics valves. Test methods for resistance to internal pressure and leaktightness.

EN 1054:1995 Plastics piping systems. Thermoplastics piping systems for soil and waste discharge. Test method for airtightness of joints.

EN 1411:1996 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of resistance to external blows by the staircase method.

EN 1680: 1997 Plastic piping systems. Valves for polyethylene (PE) piping systems. Test method for leak tightness under and after bending applied to the operating mechanisms.

EN 1716: 1997 Plastics piping systems. Polyethylene (PE) tapping tees. Test method for impact resistance of an assembled tapping tee.

EN 12099: 1997 Plastic piping systems. Polyethylene piping materials and components. Determination of volatile content.

EN 12100: 1997 Plastics piping systems. Polyethylene (PE) valves. Test method for resistance to bending between supports.

EN 12106: 1997 Plastics piping systems. Polyethylene (PE). Test method for the resistance to internal pressure after application of squeeze-off.

EN 12117: 1997 Plastics piping systems. Fittings, valves and ancillaries. Determination of gaseous flow rate/pressure drop relationships.

EN 12118:1997 (Plastics piping systems. Determination of moisture content in thermoplastics by coulometry.

EN 12119: 1997 Plastic piping systems. Polyethylene (PE) valves. Test method for resistance to thermal cycling.

EN 12814 Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products.

EN 12814-1: 1999 + AC:2003 Bend tests.

EN 12814-2: 2000 Tensile tests.

EN 12814-3: 2014 Tensile creep test.

EN 12814-4: 2001 Peel test.

EN 12814-6: 2000 Low temperature tensile test.

EN 12814-7: 2002 Tensile test with waisted test specimens.

EN 12814-8: 2001 + AC:2003 Requirements.

EN 13100 Non destructive testing of welded joints of thermoplastics semi-finished products.

EN 13100-1: 1999 Visual examination.

EN 13100-2: 2004 X-ray radiographic testing.

EN 13100-3: 2004 Ultrasonic testing.

EN 14741: 2006 Thermoplastics piping and ducting systems. Joints for buried non-pressure applications. Test method for the long term sealing performance of joints with elastomeric seals by estimating the sealing pressure.

EN 28233:1990 Thermoplastics valves. Torque. Test method (ISO 8233:1988).

EN 28659:1990 Thermoplastics valves. Fatigue strength. Test method (ISO 8659:1989).

EN ISO 179 -1: 2010; -2: 1999 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 180: 2000 + Amd.2: 2013 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 1167 Part 1,2: 2006; 3,4: 2007 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 1628 Part 3: 2010 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 6259 Part 1: 2001 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 9080: 2012 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 9967: 2007 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 9969: 2007 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 10147: 2012 Supersedes EN 579; see Section 5.3

EN ISO 13478: 2007 See Section 5.3

EN ISO 13968: 2008 See Section 5.3

5 International Standards (ISO, ISO/DIS, ISO/TR and ISO/TS)

5.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

ISO 161 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Nominal outside diameters and nominal pressures.

ISO 161-1: 1996 Metric series

ISO 161-2: 1996 Inch-based series

ISO 4065: 1996 Thermoplastics pipes. Universal wall thickness table.

ISO 4427 Polyethylene (PE) pipes for water supply. Specifications.

ISO 4427-1: 2007 General.

ISO 4427-2: 2007 Pipes.

ISO 4427-3: 2007 Fittings.

ISO 4427-5: 2007 Fitness for purpose of the system.

ISO 4437 Plastics piping systems for the supply of gaseous fuels. Polyethylene (PE).

(Together Parts 1, 2 ,3 and 5 supersede ISO 8085-1,-2,-3: 2001 which are withdrawn)

ISO 4437-1: 2014 General

ISO 4437-2: 2014 Pipes

ISO 4437-3: 2014 Fittings

ISO 4437-5: 2014 Fitness for purpose of the system

ISO 6447:1983 Rubber seals. Joint rings used for gas supply pipes and fittings. Specification for material.

ISO/TR 7074: 1986 Performance requirements for plastics pipes and fittings for use in underground drainage and sewerage.

ISO 7268: 1983 Pipe components. Definition of nominal pressure.

ISO 8085-1,2,3: 2001 Superseded by ISO 4437-1,2,3,5: 2014

ISO 8283 Plastics pipes and fittings. Dimensions of sockets and spigots for discharge systems inside buildings.

ISO 8283-2: 1992 Polyethylene (PE).

ISO 8770: 2003 Plastic piping systems for soil and waste discharge (low and high temperature) inside buildings. Polyethylene (PE).

ISO 8772: 2006 Plastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewage. Polyethylene (PE).

ISO 8779: 2010 Plastics piping systems. Polyethylene (PE) pipes for irrigation. Specifications.

ISO 9623: 1997 (PE/metal and PP/metal adaptor fittings for pipes for fluids under pressure. Design lengths and size of threads. Metric series.

ISO 9623: 1997 PE/metal and PP/metal adaptor fittings for pipes for fluids under pressure. Design lengths and size of threads. Metric series.

ISO 9624: 1997 Thermoplastics pipes for fluids under pressure. Mating dimensions of flange adaptors and loose backing flanges.

ISO/TR 10358: 1993 Plastics pipes and fittings. Combined chemical resistance classification table.

ISO 10838 Mechanical fittings for polyethylene piping systems for the supply of gaseous fuels.

ISO 10838-1: 2000 Metal fittings for pipes of diameter smaller than or equal to 63mm.

ISO 10838-2: 2000 Metal fittings for pipes of nominal outside diameter greater than 63mm.

ISO 10838-3: 2001 Thermoplastics fittings for pipes of nominal outside diameter less than or equal to 63mm.

ISO 10933: 1997 Polyethylene (PE) valves for gas distribution systems.

ISO 11295: 2010 Classification and information on design of plastics piping systems used for renovation.

ISO 11296 Plastics piping systems for renovation of underground non-pressure drainage and sewerage networks.

ISO 11296-1: 2009 General

ISO 11296-3: 2009 Lining with close-fit pipes

EN ISO 11297 Plastics piping systems for renovation of underground drainage and sewerage networks under pressure.

EN ISO 11297-1: 2013 General.

EN ISO 11297-3: 2013 Lining with close-fit pipes.

ISO 11298 Plastics piping systems for renovation of underground water supply networks.

ISO 11298-1: 2010 General.

ISO 11298-3: 2010 Lining with close-fit pipes.

EN ISO 11299 Plastics piping systems for renovation of underground gas supply networks

EN ISO 11299-1: 2013 General Supersedes EN 14408-1

EN ISO 11299-3: 2013 Lining with close-fit pipes.

ISO 11357 Plastics. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

ISO 11357-6: 2008 Determination of oxidation induction time (isothermal OIT) and oxidation induction temperature (dynamic OIT). Supersedes ISO/TR 10837

ISO 12162: 2009 Thermoplastics materials for pipes and fittings for pressure applications. Classification, designation and design coefficient.

ISO 13761: 1996 Plastics pipes and fittings. Pressure reduction factors for polyethylene pipeline systems for use at temperatures above 20 degrees C.

ISO 14236: 2000 Plastics pipes and fittings. Mechanical-joint compression fittings for use with polyethylene pressure pipes in water supply systems.

ISO 14531 Plastics pipes and fittings. Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipe systems for the conveyance of gaseous fuels. Metric series. Specifications.

ISO 14531-1: 2002 Pipes.

ISO 14531-2: 2004 Fittings for heat-fusion jointing.

ISO 14531-3: 2010 Fittings for mechanical jointing (including PE-X/metal transitions).

ISO 14531-4: 2006 System design and installation guidelines.

ISO 15494: 2003 Plastics piping systems for industrial applications. Polybutene (PB), polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP). Specifications for components and the system. Metric series.

ISO 15875 Plastics piping systems for hot and cold water installations - Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) .

ISO 15875-1: 2003 + A1:2007 General.

ISO 15875-2: 2003 + A1:2007 Pipes.

ISO 15875-3: 2003 Fittings.

ISO 15875-5: 2003 Fitness for purpose of the system.

ISO/TS 15875-7: 2003 Assessment of conformity.

ISO 17484 Plastics piping systems. Multilayer pipe systems for indoor gas installations with a maximum operating pressure up to and including 5 bar (500 KPa).

ISO 17484-1: 2006 Specifications for systems.

ISO 17484-2: 2009 Code of practice

ISO 18225: 2012 Plastics piping systems. Multilayer piping systems for outdoor gas installations. Specification for systems.

ISO/TS 18226: 2006 Plastics pipes and fittings. Reinforced thermoplastics pipe systems for the supply of gaseous fuels for pressures up to 4 MPa (40 bar).

ISO 19911: 2010 Plastics pipes and fittings. Format of a technical file for characterizing PE spigot end fittings.

ISO 21004: 2006 Plastics piping systems. Multilayer pipes and their joints, based on thermoplastics, for water supply.

ISO 21138 Plastics piping systems for non pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Structures. Wall piping systems of unplasticised poly(vinylchloride) (PVC-U), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE)

ISO 21138-1: 2007 Material and performance specifications for pipes, fittings and the systems.

ISO 21138-2: 2007 Pipes with smooth external surface (all materials), type A.

ISO 21138-3: 2007 Pipes with non smooth external surface (all materials), type B.

ISO 22391 Plastics piping systems for hot and cold water installations. Polyethylene of raised temperature resistance (PE-RT).

ISO 22391-1: 2009 General.

ISO 22391-2: 2009 Pipes.

ISO 22391-3: 2009 Fittings.

ISO 22391-5: 2009 Fitness for purpose of the system.

ISO/TS 22391-7: 2011 Guidance for the assessment of conformity.

ISO/TR 27165: 2012 Thermoplastics piping systems. Guidance for definitions of wall constructions for pipes.

5.2 Installation/joining procedures

ISO/TS 10839: 2000 Polyethylene pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels. Code of practice for design, handling and installation.

ISO 11295: 2010 Classification and information on design of plastics piping systems used for renovation.

ISO 11413: 2008 Plastics pipes and fittings. Preparation of test piece assemblies between a polyethylene (PE) pipe and an electrofusion fitting.

ISO 11414: 2009 Plastics pipes and fittings. Preparation of polyethylene (PE) pipe/pipe or pipe/fitting test piece assemblies by butt fusion.

ISO 14531 Plastics pipes and fittings. Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipe systems for the conveyance of gaseous fuels. Metric series. Specifications.

ISO 14531-4: 2006 System design and installation guidelines.

ISO/TR 19480: 2005 Polyethylene pipes and fittings for the supply of gaseous fuels or water. Training and assessment of fusion operators.

ISO 21307:2011 Plastics pipes and fittings. Butt fusion jointing procedures for polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings used in the construction of gas and water distribution systems.

5.3 Testing

ISO 179 Plastics. Determination of Charpy impact properties.

ISO 179-1: 2010 Non-instrumented impact test.

ISO 179-2: 1997 Instrumented impact test.

ISO 180: 2000 Plastics. Determination of Izod impact strength.

ISO 580: 2005 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Injection-moulded thermoplastics fittings. Methods for visually assessing the effects of heating.

ISO 1167 Thermoplastics pipes, fittings and assemblies for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of the resistance to internal pressure.

ISO 1167-1: 2006 General method.

ISO 1167-2: 2006 Preparation of pipe test pieces.

ISO 1167-3: 2007 Preparation of components.

ISO 1167-4: 2007 Preparation of assemblies.

ISO 1628 Plastics. Determination of the viscosity of polymers in dilute solution using capillary viscometers.

ISO 1628-3: 2010 Polyethylenes and polypropylenes.

ISO 2505: 2005 Thermoplastics pipes. Longitudinal reversion. Test method and parameters.

ISO 2507 Thermoplastics pipes and fittings. Vicat softening temperature.

ISO 2507-1: 1995 General test method.

ISO 3126: 2005 Plastics piping systems. Plastics components. Determination of dimensions.

ISO 3458: 1976 Assembled joints between fittings and polyethylene (PE) pressure pipes. Test of leakproofness under internal pressure.

ISO 3459: 1976 Polyethylene (PE) pressure pipes Joints assembled with mechanical fittings. Internal under-pressure test method and requirement.

ISO 3501: 1976 Assembled joints between fittings and polyethylene (PE) pressure pipes. Test of resistance to pull out.

ISO 3503: 1976 Assembled joints between fittings and polyethylene (PE) pressure pipes. Test of leakproofness under internal pressure when subjected to bending.

ISO 4059: 1978 Polyethylene (PE) pipes. Pressure drop in mechanical pipe-jointing systems. Method of test and requirements.

ISO 6259 Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of tensile properties.

ISO 6259-1: 1997 General test method.

ISO 6259-3: 1997 Polyolefin pipes.

ISO 6964: 1986 Polyolefin pipes and fittings. Determination of carbon black content by calcination and pyrolysis. Test method and basic specification.

ISO 7686: 2005 Plastics pipes and fittings. Determination of opacity.

ISO 8796: 2004 Polyethylene PE32 and PE40 pipes for irrigation laterals. Susceptibility to environmental stress cracking induced by insert-type fittings. Test method and requirements.

ISO 9080: 2012 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Determination of the long-term hydrostatic strength of thermoplastics materials in pipe form by extrapolation.

ISO 9393 Thermoplastics valves for industrial applications. Pressure test methods and requirements.

ISO 9393-2: 2005 Test conditions and basic requirements [PE, PP, PVC-U and PVDF].

ISO 9854 Thermoplastics pipes for the transport of fluids. Determination of pendulum impact strength by the Charpy method.

ISO 9854-1: 1994 General test method.

ISO 9854-2: 1994 Test conditions for pipes of various materials.

ISO 9967: 2007 Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of creep ratio.

ISO 9969: 2007 Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of ring stiffness.

ISO 10146: 1997 Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes. Effect of time and temperature on the expected strength.

ISO 10147: 2011 Pipes and fittings made of cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X). Estimation of the degree of cross-linking by determination of the gel content.

ISO 11357 Plastics. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

ISO 11357-6: 2008 Determination of oxidation induction time (isothermal OIT) and oxidation induction temperature (dynamic OIT).

ISO 13056: 2011 Plastics piping systems. Pressure systems for hot and cold water. Test method for leak tightness under a vacuum.

ISO 13254: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure applications. Test method for watertightness.

ISO 13255: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for soil and discharge inside buildings. Test method for airtightness of joints.

ISO 13257: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure applications. Test method for resistance to elevated temperature cycling.

ISO 13259: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for underground non-pressure applications. Test method for leaktightness of elastomeric sealing ring type joints.

ISO 13260: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Test method for resistance to combined temperature cycling and external loading.

ISO 13262: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Thermoplastics spirally-formed structured wall pipes. Determination of the tensile strength of a seam.

ISO 13263: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Thermoplastic fittings. Test method for impact strength.

ISO 13264: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Thermoplastics fittings. Test method for mechanical strength or flexibility of fabricated fittings.

ISO 13265: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Joints for buried non-pressure applications. Test method for the long-term sealing performance of joints with elastomeric seals by estimating the sealing pressure.

ISO 13266: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Thermoplastics shafts or risers for inspection chambers and manholes. Determination of resistance against surface and traffic loading.

ISO 13268: 2010 Thermoplastics piping systems for non-pressure underground drainage and sewerage. Thermoplastics shafts or risers for inspection chambers and manholes. Determination of ring stiffness.

ISO 13477: 2008 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of resistance to rapid crack propagation (RCP). Small-scale steady-state test (S4 test).

ISO 13478: 2007 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of resistance to rapid crack propagation (RCP). Full scale test (FST).

ISO 13479: 2009 Polyolefin pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of resistance to crack propagation. Test method for slow crack growth on notched pipes.

ISO 13480: 1997 Polyethylene pipes. Resistance to slow crack growth. Cone test method.

ISO 13760: 1998 Plastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids under pressure. Miner’s rule. Calculation method for cumulative damage.

ISO 13846: 2000 Plastics piping systems. End-load-bearing and non-end-load-bearing assemblies and joints for thermoplastics pressure piping. Test method for long-term leaktightness under internal water pressure.

ISO 13924: 2000 Plastics pipes and fittings. Bending-tensile cycle test for PE/metal transition fittings, PE tapping tees and PE branch saddles.

ISO 13951: 2001 Plastics and piping systems. Test method for the resistance of polyolefin pipe/pipe or pipe/fitting assemblies to tensile loading.

ISO 13953: 2001 Polyethylene (PE) pipes and fittings. Determination of the tensile strength and failure mode of test pieces from a butt-fused joint.

ISO 13954: 1997 Plastics pipes and fittings. Peel decohesion test for polyethylene (PE) electrofusion assemblies of nominal outside diameter greater than or equal to 90mm.

ISO 13955: 1997 Plastics pipes and fittings. Crushing decohesion test for polyethylene (PE) electrofusion assemblies.

ISO 13956: 2010 Plastics pipes and fittings. Decohesion test of polyethylene (PE) saddle fusion joints. Evaluation of ductility of fusion joint interface by tear test.

ISO 13957: 1997 Plastics pipes and fittings. Polyethylene (PE) tapping tees. Test method for impact resistance.

ISO 13966: 1998 Thermoplastics pipes and fittings. Nominal ring stiffnesses.

ISO 13967: 2009 Thermoplastics fittings. Determination of ring stiffness.

ISO 13968: 2008 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Thermoplastics pipes. Determination of ring flexibility.

ISO 16241: 2005 Notch tensile test to measure the resistance to slow crack growth of polyethylene materials for pipe and fitting products (PENT test).

ISO/TS 16479: 2012 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of the slow cracking resistance of pipes and fittings using the Notched Ring Test (NRT).

ISO 16770: 2004 Plastics. Determination of environmental stress cracking (ESC) of polyethylene (PE). Full-notch creep test (FNCT).

ISO 16871: 2003 Plastics piping and ducting systems. Plastics pipes and fittings. Method for exposure to direct (natural) weathering.

ISO/DTR 16943 Plastics piping systems for the supply of gaseous fuels. On-site inspection of PE electrofusion joints using nondestructive testing (NDT). Draft (July 2012)

ISO 17456: 2006 Plastics piping systems. Multilayer pipes. Determination of long-term strength.

ISO/TR 18124: 2006 Plastics piping systems. Multilayer M (metal) pipes. Test method for strength of the weld line in the metal layer and bonding between layers by use of a cone.

ISO 18553: 2002 Method for the assessment of the degree of pigment or carbon black dispersion in polyolefin pipes, fittings and compounds.

ISO 19892: 2011 Plastics piping systems. Thermoplastics pipes and fittings for hot and cold water. Test method for the resistance of joints to pressure cycling.

ISO 19893: 2011 Plastics piping systems. Thermoplastics pipes and fittings for hot and cold water. Test method for the resistance of mounted assemblies to temperature cycling.

ISO 19899: 2010 Plastics piping systems. Polyolefin pipes and mechanical fitting assemblies. Test method for the resistance to end load (AREL test).

ISO 21751: 2011 Plastic pipes and fittings. Decohesion test of electrofusion assemblies. Strip-bend test.

ISO 23228: 2011 Thermoplastics pipes for the conveyance of fluids. Determination of the stress-rupture resistance of moulding materials using plain strain grooved tensile (PSGT) specimens.

5.4 Equipment

ISO 12176 Plastics pipes and fittings. Equipment for fusion jointing polyethylene systems.

ISO 12176-1: 2012 Butt fusion.

ISO 12176-2: 2008 Electrofusion.

ISO 12176-3: 2011 Operator's badge.

ISO 12176-4: 2003 Traceability coding.

ISO 13950: 2007 Plastics pipes and fittings. Automatic recognition systems for electrofusion joints.

6 German Standards

6.1 DIN, DIN EN, DIN ISO and WL Standards

6.1.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

DIN 8074: 2011 Polyethylene (PE) - Pipes PE 63, PE 80, PE 100, PE-HD - Dimensions. Partially replaced by DIN 16842

DIN 8075: 2011 Polyethylene (PE) pipes - PE 80, PE 100 - General quality requirements, testing. Partially replaced by DIN 16842

DIN 16842: 2013 Polyethylene (PE) pipes. PE-HD for pressureless applications. General quality requirements, dimensions and testing. Partially replaces DIN 8074 and DIN 8075

DIN 16876: 2010 Pipes and fittings of high-density polyethylene (PE-HD) for buried ducting - Dimensions and technical delivery conditions.

DIN 16893: 2000 Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X ) pipes. Dimensions.

DIN 16928: 1979 Pipes of thermoplastic materials; pipe joints, elements of pipes, laying of pipes, general directions.

DIN 16963 Pipe joints and elements for high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pressure pipelines, types 1 and 2 (PE80 and PE100)

DIN 16963-1: 1980 Pipe bends of segmental construction for butt welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-2: 1983 Tees and branches produced by segment inserts and necking for butt welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-3: 1980 Pipe bends for butt welding. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-4: 1988 Adaptors for fusion jointing, flanges and sealing elements. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-6: 1989 Injection moulded fittings for butt welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-7: 1989 Fittings for resistance welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-8: 1980 Injection moulded elbows for socket welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-9: 1980 Injection moulded elbows for socket welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-10: 1980 Injection moulded sockets and caps for socket welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-11: 1999 Flange adapters, flanges, sealing rings for socket welding; dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-13: 1980 Turned and pressed reducing sockets for butt welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-14: 1983 Injection moulded reducers and nipples for socket welding. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN 16963-15: 1987 Pipe couplings. Dimensions. Withdrawn, no replacement

DIN EN 1519 Parts 1: 2000; DIN CEN/TS 1519-2: 2012 See Section 4.1

DIN EN 1555 Parts 1,2: 2010; -3: 2013; -4: 2011; -5: 2010; DIN CEN/TS 1555-7: 2012 See Section 4.1

DIN EN 12201 Parts 1,2: 2011; -3: 2013; -4: 2012; -5: 2011; DIN CEN/TS 12201-7: 2003 See Section 4.1.

DIN EN 13244 Parts 1-5 Superseded by DIN EN 12201 Parts 1-5

DIN CEN/TS 13244-7: 2003 See Section 4.1

DIN EN ISO 15875 Parts 1,2,3,5: 2004; DIN ISO/TS 15875-7: 2003 See Section 5.1

WL 5.0410: December 1973 Plastics; Polyethylene (PE), sulphochlorinated, cross-linked.

6.1.2 Installation/joining procedures

DIN 1910 Welding. Welding of plastics.

DIN 1910-3: 1977 Processes.

DVGW G 472: 2012 draft Polyethylene gas pipelines with an operating pressure up to and including 10 bar (PE 80, PE 100 and PE-Xa) - Construction

6.1.3 Testing

DIN 8075: 2011 Polyethylene (PE) pipes - PE 80, PE 100 - General quality requirements, testing. Partially replaced by DIN 16842

DIN 16842: 2013 Polyethylene (PE) pipes. PE-HD for pressureless applications. General quality requirements, dimensions and testing. Partially replaces DIN 8074 and DIN 8075

DIN 16892: 2000 Cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) pipes. Quality requirements, testing.

DIN 16963 Pipe joints and components of polyethylene (PE) for pipes under pressure; PE 80 and PE 100.

DIN 16963-5: 1999 General quality requirements and testing. Withdrawn

DIN EN 579 Superseded by DIN EN ISO 10147

DIN EN 715: 1994 See Section 4.3.

DIN EN 1680: 1997 See Section 4.3

DIN EN ISO 10147: 2012 Supersedes DIN EN 579; see Section 5.3

DIN EN 12099: 1997 See Section 4.3

DIN EN 12100: 1997 See Section 4.3

DIN EN ISO 1628-3: 2010 See Section 5.3

6.2 DVS Standards

6.2.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

DVS 1905 Welding of materials for house installation. Pipes and fittings, welding processes.

DVS 1905-2: 1995 Welded joints.

DVS 2210 Thermoplastic industrial pipelines. Project and design.

DVS 2210-1: 1997 Over-ground pipe systems.

DVS 2210 Supplement 1: 2003 Design example.

DVS 2210 Supplement 2: 2004 Advice on internal pressure and leak testing.

DVS 2210 Supplement 3: 2006 Double pipe systems.

6.2.2 Installation/joining procedures/qualification

DVS 2207 Welding of thermoplastic materials.

DVS 2207-1: 2005 Heated tool welding of pipes, pipeline parts and plate of PE-HD.

DVS 2207-1 Supplement 1: 2005 Heated tool welding of PE-X pipes with PE-HD pipe connections.

DVS 2207-1 Supplement 2: 2013 Hot plate butt welding of thick pipes of PE 100.

DVS 2207-3: 2013 draft Hot gas welding of pipes, pipe connections and panels.

DVS 2207-3 Supplement 1: 2013 draft Welding parameters.

DVS 2207-3 Supplement 2: 2013 Requirements for welding equipment and components.

DVS 2207-3 Supplement 3: 2013 draft Welding of fluoroplastics.

DVS 2207-4: 2013 draft Extrusion welding. Panels and pipes.

DVS 2207-4 Supplement 1: 2013 draft Welding parameters.

DVS 2207-4 Supplement 2: 2013 Requirements for welding equipment and components.

DVS 2207-5: 1993 Welding of PE-pipe cladding, pipes and pipelines.

DVS 2207-5 Supplement 1: 1997 Welding of PE coated pipes; forms and fittings.

DVS 2207-6: 2003 Contactless heated tool stub welding of pipes, pipe connections and panels. Testing, equipment, parameters.

DVS 2207-14: 2009 Heated tool welding by bending of PP and PE panels.

DVS 2210 Industrial piping made of thermoplastics. Project and design.

DVS 2210-1: 1997 Planning and execution. Above-ground pipe systems.

DVS 2210-1 Supplement 1: 2003 Calculation example.

DVS 2210-2: 2007 Structure and installation of two-pipe systems.

DVS 2212 Examination of plastic welders.

DVS 2212-1: 2006 Qualification testing of plastics welders. Qualification test groups I and II. Hot gas welding with the torch separate from the filler rod (WF), high speed hot gas welding (WZ), heated tool butt welding (HS), sleeve welding with an incorporated electric heating element (HM), heated tool sleeve welding (HD), and hot gas extrusion welding (WE).

DVS 2212-1 Supplement 1: 2006 Planned monitoring of the certified plastics welders according to DVS 2212-1.

DVS 2212-4: 2013 Qualification testing of plastics welders. Welding of PE shell pipes. Pipes and piping parts.

DVS 2213: 2010 Specialist for plastics welding: examination.

DVS 2213 Supplement 1: 2010 Qualification testing regulations for the qualification test to become a specialist for plastics welding.

6.2.3 Testing

DVS 2201 Testing of semi-finished products made of thermoplastics.

DVS 2201-1: 1989 Bases. Indications.

DVS 2201-1 Supplement 1: 2004 Material and abbreviations.

DVS 2201-1 Supplement 2: 2004 Directives for creep rupture curves of pipes.

DVS 2201-1 Supplement 3: 2004 Linear thermal expansion coefficients.

DVS 2201-1 Supplement 5: 2006 draft Service life temperature time limits due to thermal ageing.

DVS 2201-2: 1985 Weldability; test methods; requirements.

DVS 2202 Imperfections in thermoplastic welded joints.

DVS 2202-1: 2006 Features, descriptions, evaluation. Partially replaced by Supplements 2 and 3

DVS 2202-1 Supplement 2: 2012: Evaluation of defects in joints of thermoplastics plastics on pipe components and boards - electrofusion (HM).

DVS 2202-1 Supplement 3: 2012 Evaluation of defects in joints of thermoplastics plastics on pipe components and boards - hot tool sleeve welding (HD).

DVS 2203 Testing of welded joints of thermoplastics. Sheet and pipes.

DVS 2203-1: 2003 Test methods and requirements.

DVS 2203-1 Supplement 1: 2010 Tensile test.

DVS 2203-1 Supplement 2: 2006 (+ 2009 draft) Tensile creep test.

DVS 2203-1 Supplement 3: 2012 Technological bend test, bend angle/ram displacement.

DVS 2203-1 Supplement 4: 2008 Testing of welded joints between panels and pipes made of thermoplastics. Requirements for shear and peel tests for sleeve welding with an incorporated electric heating element (HM) and heated tool sleeve welding (HD) on pipes and fittings.

DVS 2203-2: 2010 Tensile test.

DVS 2203-2 Supplement 1: 2010 Low temperature test.

DVS 2203-3: 2011 Tensile impact test.

DVS 2203-4: 1997 Tensile creep test.

DVS 2203-4 Supplement 1: 2001 Testing of socket joints.

DVS 2203-4 Supplement 2: 2001 Testing of resistance to slow crack growth using the full notch creep test.

DVS 2203-4 Supplement 3: 2008 draft Testing of welded joints between panels and pipes made of thermoplastics. Creep testing. Examination of the stipulated creep-weld factors and the minimum lifetime of welded joints in polyethylene (PE 80 and PE 100).

DVS 2203-5: 1999 Technological bend test.

DVS 2203-6: 2008 Testing of joints between polymeric materials. Shear and peel tests.

DVS 2203-6 Supplement 1: 2008 Torsion shear and radial peel tests for joints executed by means of sleeve welding with an incorporated electric heating element and heated tool sleeve welding.

DVS 2203-6 Supplement 2: 2008 Testing of adhesive bonds in shear and peel.

DVS 2205 Design of thermoplastic containers and apparatus.

DVS 2205-1: 2013 Parameters.

DVS 2205-1 Supplement 1: 2011 Characteristic values of the polyethylene material group.

DVS 2205-1 Supplement 6: 2013 Welding factors.

DVS 2205-1 Supplement 7: 2013 Examples.

DVS 2210 Industrial piping made of thermoplastics. Project and design.

DVS 2210-1: 1997 Planning and execution. Above-ground pipe systems.

DVS 2210-1 Supplement 2: 2004 Recommendations for internal pressure and leak tests.

6.2.4 Equipment

DVS 2208 Welding of thermoplastic materials.

DVS 2208-1: 2007 Machines and equipment for heated tool welding of pipes, pipeline components and sheet.

DVS 2208-1 Supplement 1: 2012 Tools and devices for heated tool welding of pipes and pipeline parts.

7 USA Standards

7.1 ASTM Standards

7.1.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

ASTM D2239-12a Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe (SIDR-PR) based on controlled inside diameter.

ASTM D2513-14 Specification for polyethylene (PE) gas pressure pipe, tubing and fittings.

ASTM D2609-02 (2008) Standard specification for plastic insert fittings for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe.

ASTM D2683-10e2 Standard specification for socket-type polyethylene fittings for outside diameter controlled polyethylene pipe and tubing.

ASTM D2737-12a Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) plastic tubing.

ASTM D2749-02 Standard symbols for dimensions of plastic pipe fittings.

ASTM D3035-14 Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe (DR-PR) based on controlled outside diameter.

ASTM D3261-12e1 Standard specification for butt heat fusion polyethylene (PE) plastic fittings for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe and tubing.

ASTM D3350-12e1 Standard specification for polyethylene plastics pipe and fittings materials.

ASTM F405-13 Standard specification for corrugated polyethylene (PE) tubing and fittings.

ASTM F412-12 Standard terminology relating to plastic piping systems.

ASTM F667-12 Standard specification for large diameter corrugated polyethylene pipe and fittings.

ASTM F714-13 Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe (DR-PR) based on outside diameter.

ASTM F810-12 Standard specification for smooth wall polyethylene (PE) pipe for use in drainage and waste disposal absorption fields.

ASTM F876-13a Standard specification for cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) tubing.

ASTM F877-11a Standard specification for cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) plastic hot- and cold-water distribution systems.

ASTM F894-13 Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) large diameter profile wall sewer and drain pipe.

ASTM F1025-94 (2011) Standard guide for selection and use of full-encirclement-type band clamps for reinforcement or repair of punctures or holes in polyethylene gas pressure pipe.

ASTM F1055-13 Standard specification for electrofusion type polyethylene fittings for outside diameter controlled polyethylene and cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipe and tubing.

ASTM F1281-11 Standard specification for cross-linked polyethylene/aluminium/ cross-linked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) pressure pipe.

ASTM F1282-10 Standard specification for polyethylene/aluminium/polyethylene (PE-AL-PE) composite pressure pipe.

ASTM F1412-09 Standard specification for polyolefin pipe and fittings for corrosive waste drainage systems.

ASTM F1807-13a Standard specification for metal insert fittings utilising a copper crimp ring for SDR9 cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing and SDR9 polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) tubing.

ASTM F1865-09 Standard specification for mechanical cold expansion insert fitting with compression sleeve for cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing.

ASTM F1901-10 Standard specification for polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for roof drain systems.

ASTM F1924-12 Standard specification for plastic mechanical fittings for use on outside diameter controlled polyethylene gas distribution pipe and tubing.

ASTM F1960-12 Standard specification for cold expansion fittings with PEX reinforcing rings for use with cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing.

ASTM F1961-09 Standard specification for metal mechanical cold flare compression fittings with disc spring for cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing.

ASTM F1973-13e1 Specification for factory assembled anodeless risers and transition fittings in polyethylene (PE) and polyamide 11 (PA11) fuel gas distribution systems.

ASTM F1974-09 Standard specification for metal insert fittings for polyethylene/aluminium/polyethylene and cross-linked polyethylene/aluminium/cross-linked polyethylene composite pressure pipe.

ASTM F2080-12 Standard specification for cold-expansion fittings with metal compression sleeves for cross-linked polyethylene pipe.

ASTM F2159-11 Standard specification for plastic insert fittings utilising a copper crimp ring for SDR9 cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing and SDR9 polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) tubing.

ASTM F2160-10 Standard specification for solid wall high-density polyethylene (HDPE) conduit based on controlled outside diameter (OD).

ASTM F2165-13 Standard specification for flexible pre-insulated piping.

ASTM F2206-11 Standard specification for fabricated fittings of butt-fused polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe, fittings, sheet stock, plate stock, or block stock.

ASTM F2262-09 Standard specification for cross-linked polyethylene/aluminium/cross-linked polyethylene tubing OD controlled SDR9.

ASTM F2306/F2306M-13 Specification for 12 to 60 in. [300 to 1500 mm] annular corrugated profile wall polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for gravity flow storm sewer and subsurface drainage applications.

ASTM F2434-09 Standard specification for metal insert fittings utilising a copper crimp ring for SDR9 cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing and SDR9 cross-linked polyethylene/aluminium/cross-linked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) tubing.

ASTM F2435-12 Standard specification for steel reinforced polyethylene (PE) corrugated pipe.

ASTM F2509-12 Standard specification for field-assembled anodeless riser kits for use on outside diameter controlled polyethylene gas distribution pipe and tubing.

ASTM F2619/F2619M-13 Specification for high-density polyethylene (PE) line pipe.

ASTM F2623-08 Specification for polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) SDR9 tubing.

ASTM F2648/F2648M-13 Specification for 2 to 60 inch [50 to 1500 mm] annular corrugated profile wall polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for land drainage applications.

ASTM F2720/F2720M-09 Specification for glass fibre reinforced polyethylene (PE-GF) spiral wound large diameter pipe.

ASTM F2735-09 Specification for plastic insert fittings for SDR9 cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) and polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) tubing.

ASTM F2762-11e1 Standard specification for 12 to 30 in [300 to 750 mm] annular corrugated profile-wall polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer applications.

ASTM F2763-11 Standard specification for 30 to 60 in [750 to 1500 mm] triple profile-wall polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer applications.

ASTM F2769-10 Standard specification for polyethylene of raised temperature (PE-RT) plastic hot and cold water tubing and distribution systems.

ASTM F2788/F2788M-13 Standard specification for metric-sized cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipe.

ASTM F2818-10 Standard specification for cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) material gas pressure pipe and tubing.

ASTM F2829-10 Standard specification for metric-sized cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipe systems.

ASTM F2854-10 Standard specification for push-fit cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) mechanical fittings for cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing.

ASTM F2880-11a Standard specification for lap-joint type flange adapters for polyethylene pressure pipe in nominal pipe sizes 3/4 in to 65 in.

ASTM F2905/F2905M-13 Standard specification for black crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) line pipe, Fittings and joints for oil and gas producing applications.

ASTM F2929-13 Standard specification for crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) tubing of 0.070 in. wall and fittings for radiant heating systems up to 75 psig.

ASTM F2947/F2947M-14 Standard specification for 150 to 1500 mm [6 to 60 in.] annular corrugated profile-wall polyethylene (PE) pipe and fittings for sanitary sewer applications.

ASTM F2968/F2968M-14 Standard specification for black crosslinked polyethylene (PEX) pipe, fittings and joints For gas distribution applications

7.1.2 Installation/joining procedures

ASTM D2321-11 Standard practice for underground installation of thermoplastic pipe for sewers and other gravity-flow applications.

ASTM D2657-07 Standard practice for heat fusion joining of polyolefin pipe and fittings.

ASTM D2774-12 Standard practice for underground installation of thermoplastic pressure piping.

ASTM D3261-12 Standard specification for butt heat fusion polyethylene (PE) plastic fittings for polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe and tubing.

ASTM F449-02 (2008) Standard practice for subsurface installation of corrugated polyethylene pipe for agricultural drainage or water table control.

ASTM F645-13 Standard guide for selection, design and installation of thermoplastic water-pressure piping systems.

ASTM F689-97 Standard practice for determination of the temperature of above-ground plastic gas pressure pipe within metallic casings.

ASTM F905-04 (2011) Standard practice for qualification of polyethylene saddle fusion joints.

ASTM F1025-94 Standard guide for selection and use of full-encirclement-type band clamps for reinforcement or repair of punctures or holes in polyethylene gas pressure pipe.

ASTM F1041-02 Standard guide for squeeze-off of polyolefin gas pressure pipe and tubing.

ASTM F1290-98a (2011) Standard practice for electrofusion joining polyolefin pipe and fittings.

ASTM F1563-01 Standard specification for tools to squeeze-off polyethylene (PE) gas pipe or tubing.

ASTM F1668-08 Standard guide for construction procedures for buried plastic pipe.

ASTM F1734-03 (2009) Standard practice for qualification of a combination of squeeze-tool, pipe and squeeze-off procedures to avoid long-term damage in polyethylene (PE) gas pipe.

ASTM F1804-08 Standard practice for determining allowable tensile load for polyethylene (PE) gas pipe during pull-in installation.

ASTM F1962-11 Standard guide for use of maxi-horizontal directional drilling for placement of polyethylene pipe or conduit under obstacles, including river crossings.

ASTM F2620-13 Practice for heat fusion joining of polyethylene pipe and fittings

ASTM F2830-11 Standard specification for manufacture and joining of polyethylene (PE) gas pressure pipe with a peelable polypropylene (PP) outer layer.

ASTM F2897-11 Standard specification for tracking and tracebility encoding system of natural gas distribution components (pipe, tubing, fittings, valves and appurtenances).

7.1.3 Testing

ASTM D1598-02 (2009) Standard test method for time-to-failure of plastic pipe under constant internal pressure.

ASTM D1599-99 (2011) Standard test method for short-time hydraulic failure pressure of plastic pipe, tubing and fittings.

ASTM D1603-12 Standard test method for carbon black in olefin plastics.

ASTM D1693-13 Standard test method for environmental stress cracking of ethylene plastics.

ASTM D2122-98 Standard test method for determining dimensions of thermoplastic pipe and fittings.

ASTM D2290-12 Standard test method for apparent hoop tensile strength of plastic or reinforced plastic pipe.

ASTM D2412-11 Standard test method for determination of external loading characteristics of plastic pipe by parallel plate loading.

ASTM D2444-99 Standard test method for determination of the impact resistance of thermoplastic pipe and fittings by means of a tup (falling weight).

ASTM D2837-13e1 Standard test method for obtaining hydrostatic design basis for thermoplastic pipe materials or pressure design basis for thermoplastic pipe products.

ASTM D2839-10 Standard practice for use of a melt index strand for determining density of polyethylene.

ASTM D6068-10 Standard test method for determining J-R curves of plastic materials.

ASTM F725-03 Standard practice for drafting impact test requirements in thermoplastic pipe and fittings standards.

ASTM F905-04 (2011) Standard practice for qualification of polyethylene saddle fusion joints.

ASTM F1473-13 Standard test method for notch tensile test to measure the resistance to slow crack growth of polyethylene pipes and resins.

ASTM F1588-96 (2011) Standard test method for constant tensile load joint test (CTLJT).

ASTM F1804-08 (2012) Standard practice for determining allowable tensile load for polyethylene (PE) gas pipe during pull-in installation.

ASTM F2018-00 (2010) Standard test method for time-to-failure of plastics using plane strain tensile specimens.

ASTM F2023-13 Standard test method for evaluating the oxidative resistance of cross-linked polyethylene (PE-X) tubing and systems to hot chlorinated water.

ASTM F2136-08 Standard test method for notched, constant ligament-stress (NCLS) test to determine slow crack growth resistance of HDPE resins or HDPE corrugated pipe.

ASTM F2164-13 Standard practice for field leak testing of polyethylene (PE) pressure piping systems using hydrostatic pressure.

ASTM F2231-02 (2013) Standard test method for Charpy impact test on thin specimens of polyethylene used in pressurised pipes.

ASTM F2263-07 (2011) Test method for evaluating the oxidative resistance of polyethylene (PE) pipe to chlorinated water.

ASTM F2433-05 (2013) Standard test method for determining thermoplastic pipe wall thickness.

ASTM F2487-13 Standard practice for infiltration and exfiltration acceptance testing of installed corrugated high density polyethylene piplines.

ASTM F2634-10 Test method for laboratory testing of polyethylene (PE) butt fusion joints using tensile-impact method.

ASTM F2657-07 (2012) Test method for outdoor weathering exposure of cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) tubing

ASTM F2786-10 Standard practice for field leak testing of polyethylene (PE) pressure piping systems using gaseous media under pressure (pneumatic leak testing).

ASTM F2928-13 Standard practice for specimens and testing conditions for testing polyethylene (PE) pipe butt fusions using tensile and hydrostatic test methods.

ASTM WK40654 Practice for microwave examination of high density polyethylene butt fusion joints. Draft under development; initiated 28 Jan.2013.

ASTM WK40655 Practice for microwave examination of high density electrofusion joints and couplings used in piping applications. Draft under development; initiated 28 Jan.2013.

7.1.4 Equipment

ASTM F1056-04 (2011) Standard specification for socket fusion tools for use in socket fusion joining polyethylene pipe or tubing and fittings.

ASTM F1563-01 (2011) Standard specification for tools to squeeze-off polyethylene (PE) gas pipe or tubing.

7.2 AWS Standards

7.2.1 Pipe and fitting specifications

AWS B2.4: 2012 Specification for welding procedure and performance qualification for thermoplastics.

AWS G1.6: 2006 Specification for the qualification of plastics welding inspectors for hot gas, hot gas extrusion, and heated tool butt thermoplastic welds

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